the city of walls: constantinople

the city of walls: constantinople

Built on a peninsula, the city could not be easily surrounded. It is part of the historic area of the city, to preserve and protect1. Begin a siege on their outer walls 3. During 324–336 the city was thoroughly rebuilt and inaugurated on 11 May 330 under the name of "Second Rome". Section of the walls of Constantinople: Anthemius' wall, Cyrus' wall, battlements, and moat. Of course modern Istanbul outgrew the surrounding walls and fell into disrepair but there has been an ongoing restoration programme since the 1980s. The Garrisons of the city, the walls, built from limestone and brick are walls of Constantinople are stone walls juxtaposed to protect the city of Constantinople, today known as Instanbul. Only students who are 13 years of age or older can create a TED-Ed account. An excellent map of Constantinople at the time of its conquest by the Ottomans in 1453 (source unknown) Emperor Constantine built walls to protect the city, but new housing developments outside them and the growing threat of the Goths and the Huns made them obsolete. Patrick Wyman is a historian and podcaster I hold in great regard and I’ve invited him on the show today to discuss the history and prominence of the great Walls of Constantinople and the role they’ve played in the history of the city of Constantinople, now modern day Istanbul. The walls of the great city had never been breached by a foreign foe. The Palaiologos dynasty (1261-1453) restored some churches and palaces and built or enlarged others (e.g. To track your work across TED-Ed over time, Register or Login instead. Create and share a new lesson based on this one. Byzantium had first been reconstructed in the time of Septimius Severus not just as a Roman city, but modelled on Rome itself, on and around seven hills. Get facts about Classical Latin here. His forces laid waste to countless fortified cities all across Asia and Eastern Europe and the threat his armies posed prompted the building of the Walls of Constantinople. Destroy their castle 5. The city of Constantinople was a highly valued prize to many would-be conquerors due to the geographic strength of its location. In 413 Eastern Roman Emperor Theodosius II decided to build new walls, not only on land, but also on the seafront. [6:05] The basic history of Theodosius II, the builder of the Walls of Constantinople. An amateur historian and travel enthusiast, I travel around the world full-time visiting historic sites: hidden chapels, Communist monuments, ancient cities, religious relics, or The story of the city begins before acquiring the name of “Constantinople”. ... he secured and fortified areas around Constantinople to cut supplies to the city. [19:49] How the walls of Constantinople shaped the history of the city. [9:04] How the capital of Rome moved from the city of Rome to Constantinople. The Walls of Constantinople surrounded the Roman and Byzantine city of Constantinople (today Istanbul in Turkey). By Easter, Byzantium, which had seen many sieges by … @Patrick_Wyman” username=””], The prize for this week is a $20 Amazon gift card. What was left of the old Byzantine empire was absorbed into Ottoman territory following the conquest of Mistra in 1460 CE and Trebizond in 1461 CE. Other important buildings in Constantinople included the Galata Tower, the sacred Imperial Palace, Golden Gate of Land Walls, and the Hippodrome. At the time the city covered an acropolis and little more. But eventually the Muslim forces attacking during the crusades were able to break through and take the city – but their leaders immediately began rebuilding the walls, knowing the strategic advantage they provided. Two related projects were the construction of the Aetius Cistern, close to the new walls, and improved Sea Walls (439). Destroy their docks 4. Contrary to what some people believe, the city walls of Istanbul were not the brainchild of Constantinople the Great. It was the Byzantine Emperor Theodosius II (408-450) who expanded the area of his imperial capital of Constantinople by building these great land walls farther out into the country. Copyright 2018 History Fangirl Constantinople is almost surrounded by water, except on its side facing Europe where walls were built. The city was built on a promontory projecting into the Bosphorus (Bosporus), which is the strait between the Sea of Marmara (Propontis) and the Black Sea (Pontus Euxinus). The Walls of Constantinople enabled the city to endure long after the Roman empire was fading. Later Constantine the Great chose it as his new capital, renaming it Constantinople, and it remained the capital of the eastern part of the Roman empire.. Arcadius (reign AD 395-408) Flavius Arcadius. The world owes much of its cultural legacy to Constantinople’s walls. They are by far the largest and most powerful team on the map. The world owes much of its cultural legacy to Constantinople's walls. Many attempts had … [bctt tweet=”The Walls of Constantinople, Ep 9 w @Patrick_Wyman” username=””]. There is a bit of mystery concerning what eventually happened to cause the mighty walls of Constantinople to diminish to the rubble they are today. To that end, the first batch of land walls had their origins back in 6th century BC, when the settlement was founded by Greeks from the Dorian city of Megara and was known as Byzantium. Are you an educator or animator interested in creating a TED-Ed Animation? With multiple additions and renovations throughout their long history, they are one of the greatest and most intricate… You can hear our entire conversation about these amazing walls and their impact on the region, on this episode of The History Fangirl. Constantinople was also ideally situated on hills that accentuated the height of the walls. Required fields are marked *. [26:14] Was their really a slow erosion of the Roman empire? Constantinople’s great city walls were breached onlytwice in 1600 years. Facts about Constantinople 10: the strategic position. Meanwhile, Mehmed, aged only 21 and now known as \"the Conqueror\", settled in for a long reign and another 28 y… Constantinople was made the new Ottoman capital, the massive Golden Gate of the Theodosian Walls was made part of the castle treasury of Mehmed, while the Christian community was permitted to survive, guided by the bishop Gennadeios II. However, war broke out in 193 BC and the city was captured by Septimius Seve… It is part of the historic area of the city, to preserve and protect1. Any threat to the city would have to be dealt with by the field armies in the provinces, before it could approach the city itself. The Walls of Constantinople are a series of stone walls that have surrounded and protected the city of Constantinople since its founding as the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire by Constantine the Great. The land walls spanned 4 miles (6.5 km) and consisted of a double line of ramparts with a moat on the outside; the higher of the two stood as high as 40 feet (12 metres) with a … In the 15th century, Constantinople’s walls were widely recognized as the most formidable in all of Europe. [1:20] My introduction of the topic and my guest today, Patrick Wyman. 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